Do you hear a ringing, roaring, clicking, or hissing sound in
your ears? Do you hear this sound often or all the time? Does the sound bother
you a lot? If you answer yes to these questions, you may have tinnitus (tin-NY-tus).
Tinnitus is a symptom associated with many forms of hearing loss. It can also be
a symptom of other health problems. According to estimates by the American
Tinnitus Association, at least 12 million Americans have tinnitus. Of these, at
least 1 million experience it so severely that it interferes with their daily
activities. People with severe cases of tinnitus may find it difficult to hear,
work, or even sleep.
What causes tinnitus?
- Hearing loss. Doctors and scientists have
discovered that people with different kinds of hearing loss also have
- Loud noise. Too much exposure to loud noise can
cause noise-induced hearing loss and tinnitus.
- Medicine. More than 200 medicines can cause
tinnitus. If you have tinnitus and you take medicine, ask your doctor or
pharmacist whether your medicine could be involved.
- Other health problems. Allergies, tumors, and
problems in the heart and blood vessels, jaws, and neck can cause tinnitus.
What should I do if I have tinnitus?
The most important thing you can do is to go see your doctor.
Your doctor can try to determine what is causing your tinnitus. He or she can
check to see if it is related to blood pressure, kidney function, diet, or
allergies. Your doctor can also determine whether your tinnitus is related to
any medicine you are taking.
To learn more about what is causing your tinnitus, your doctor may refer you to
an otolaryngologist (oh-toe-lair-in-GAH-luh-jist),
an ear, nose, and throat doctor. He or she will examine your ears and your
hearing to try to find out why you have tinnitus. Another hearing professional,
an audiologist (aw-dee-AH-luh-jist), can measure
your hearing. If you need a hearing aid, an audiologist can fit you with one
that meets your needs.
How will hearing experts treat my tinnitus?
Although there is no cure for tinnitus, scientists and doctors
have discovered several treatments that may give you some relief. Not every
treatment works for everyone, so you may need to try several to find the ones
Treatments can include:
- Hearing aids. Many people with tinnitus also have
a hearing loss. Wearing a hearing aid makes it easier for some people to
hear the sounds they need to hear by making them louder. The better you hear
other people talking or the music you like, the less you notice your
- Maskers. Maskers are small electronic devices that
use sound to make tinnitus less noticeable. Maskers do not make tinnitus go
away, but they make the ringing or roaring seem softer. For some people,
maskers hide their tinnitus so well that they can barely hear it. Some
people sleep better when they use maskers. Listening to static at a low
volume on the radio or using bedside maskers can help. These are devices you
can put by your bed instead of behind your ear. They can help you ignore
your tinnitus and fall asleep.
- Medicine or drug therapy. Some medicines may ease
tinnitus. If your doctor prescribes medicine to treat your tinnitus, he or
she can tell you whether the medicine has any side effects.
- Tinnitus retraining therapy. This treatment uses a
combination of counseling and maskers. Otolaryngologists and audiologists
help you learn how to deal with your tinnitus better. You may also use
maskers to make your tinnitus less noticeable. After a while, some people
learn how to avoid thinking about their tinnitus. It takes time for this
treatment to work, but it can be very helpful.
- Counseling. People with tinnitus may become
depressed. Talking with a counselor or people in tinnitus support groups may
- Relaxing. Learning how to relax is very helpful if
the noise in your ears frustrates you. Stress makes tinnitus seem worse. By
relaxing, you have a chance to rest and better deal with the sound.
What can I do to help myself?
Think about things that will help you cope. Many people find
listening to music very helpful. Focusing on music might help you forget about
your tinnitus for a while. It can also help mask the sound. Other people like to
listen to recorded nature sounds, like ocean waves, the wind, or even crickets.
Avoid anything that can make your tinnitus worse. This includes smoking,
alcohol, and loud noise. If you are a construction worker, an airport worker, or
a hunter, or if you are regularly exposed to loud noise at home or at work, wear
ear plugs or special earmuffs to protect your hearing and keep your tinnitus
from getting worse.
If it is hard for you to hear over your tinnitus, ask your friends and family to
face you when they talk so you can see their faces. Seeing their expressions may
help you understand them better. Ask people to speak louder, but not shout.
Also, tell them they do not have to talk slowly, just more clearly.
Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
National Institutes of Health
31 Center Drive, MSC 2320
Bethesda, MD USA 20892-2320
Nutritional and Herbal Therapy for
According to the
Tao of Nutrition, there are some steps you can take to help ease
tinnitus. First, you should avoid the following:
- loud noise
- stress & tension
- stimulating foods and drinks (ex. caffeine)
- spicy foods
Furthermore, you can try the following simple recipes:
- Drink one cup of juice made with celery and grapes 2-3
times a day.
- Boil Chinese black dates, walnuts and lotus seeds with
rice porridge and eat some daily.
- Rice porridge with black beans and azuki beans once
The Chinese herbal patent formula,
Er Long Zuo Ci Wan, can
help ease tinnitus:
Tao of Nutrition, by Maoshing Ni, Ph.D., C.A., and Cathy McNease,