Effects of Acupuncture and Chinese Herbal Medicine (Zhi Mu 14) on Hot Flushes and Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women
Nedeljkovic M. et al . From the 1Institute of Complementary Medicine KIKOM, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; and 2Department of Gynecologic
Endocrinology and Reproductive Medicine, University Women's Hospital, Bern, Switzerland.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a clinical trial investigating the effects of acupuncture (AP) and Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) on hot flushes and quality of life in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Forty postmenopausal women reporting at least 20 hot flushes per week were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial. They were randomly allocated to receive traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) AP, sham AP, verum CHM, or placebo CHM for 12 weeks. Follow-up assessment was conducted 12 weeks after intervention. Primary outcome measures included hot flush frequency and severity. As a secondary outcome measure, the severity of menopausal symptoms was assessed using the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) II. RESULTS: TCM AP induced a significant decline in all outcome measures from pretreatment to posttreatment compared with sham AP (hot flush frequency, P = 0.016; hot flush severity, P = 0.013; MRS, P < 0.001). In the TCM AP group, a larger decrease in MRS scores persisted from pretreatment to follow-up (P = 0.048). No significant differences were noted between the verum CHM group and the placebo
CHM group. Compared with the verum CHM group, there was a significant decrease in MRS scores (P = 0.002)
and a trend toward a stronger decrease in hot flush severity (P = 0.06) in the TCM AP group from
pretreatment to posttreatment. CONCLUSIONS: TCM AP is superior to sham AP and verum CHM in reducing
menopausal symptoms, whereas verum CHM shows no significant improvements when
compared with placebo CHM.
Menopause.2013 May 13. [Epub ahead of print]
A Comparison of the Clinical Effectiveness of
Various Acupuncture Points in Reducing Anxiety to Facilitate Hypnotic Induction
Lu DP, et al . University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia , USA.
Abstract: This study determined if any acupuncture point (acupoint) known for its calming effects also aided hypnotic induction. Hypnosis was offered to 108 patients requiring minor surgical or dental procedures. All had a history of panic attacks and surgical or dental phobias that complicated or prevented treatment. Unpleasant intruding thoughts of imminent invasive treatments handicapped their ability to accept hypnotic induction; however, acupuncture therapy was proposed to the consenting patient to facilitate hypnotic induction and augment its effects.
Each patient received one selected acupoint for acupuncture therapy. Of the 6 acupoints used (LI 4, H 7,
SP 6, P 6, GV 24, and Ext-hn-21), GV 24 was best at enhancing hypnotic induction whereas LI 4 produced
the best muscular relaxation and P 6 for reducing tension.
Int J Clin Exp Hypn.2013;61(3):271-81. doi: 10.1080/00207144.2013.784089.
Genoprotective Effect of the Chinese Herbal Decoction Xiao Jian Zhong Tang
Szeto YT, et al. Department of Applied Science, Hong Kong Institute of
Vocational Education (Shatin), 21 Yuen Wo Road, Sha Tin, Hong Kong. firstname.lastname@example.org
The Chinese herbal decoction formula Xiao Jian Zhong Tang (XJZT) is one of the classic formulas from the classic traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Previous studies on XJZT found that it is effective for treating peptic ulcer, irritable bowel syndrome, functional gastroenteritis and similar psychosomatic disorders of the digestive organs. It has also been shown that all the herbs used in XJZT contain antioxidants. In this study, we investigated the in vitro DNA protection effect of the individual herb extracts and the whole formula. Water extract of the herbs and XJZT were used to pre-treat human lymphocytes. The lymphocytes were then exposed to hydrogen peroxide. The in vitro DNA protection effect of the herbs was investigated
by comet assay. No DNA protective effect (P < 0.05) was found for individual herb extracts, but XJZT
showed protection of human lymphocytic DNA upon oxidative stress (P < 0.05). The in vitro DNA protection
effect of XJZT was conferred by the synergistic effect of the herbs, while the individual herbs had no
Nat Prod Commun.2013 Mar;8(3):389-92.