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Liver 3

Chinese Name: Taichong (English translation: Great Surge)

Location:  On the dorsum of the foot, in the depression proximal to the 1st metatarsal space.

Classification: Yuan-Source point of the Liver Meridian
Shu-Stream point of the Liver Meridian


  • Headache, vertigo, redness, swelling and pain of the eye, wry face
  • Depression, pain in the hypochondrium, abdominal distention, hiccup
  • Weakness, numbness and pain of the lower extremities, difficulty in walking
  • Irregular menstruation, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, hernia, enuresis
  • Epilepsy, infantile convulsion

Functions: Regulates Liver Qi, subdues Liver Yang, regulates menstruation, calms the Shen, nourishes Liver Yin.

Notes: LIV 3 is a very important and commonly used point. It is often coupled with LI 4 (known as the 4 Gates) to effectively move Qi and Blood throughout the body.

Clinically, Yuan-Source points are of great significance in treating diseases of the internal organs. Yuan-Source points are the sites where the Yuan (Primary) qi of the Zang-Fu organs passes and stays. Puncturing the Yuan-Source points stimulates the vital energy of the regular meridians, regulates the functional activities of the internal organs, reinforces antipathogenic factors and eliminates pathogenic factors. This method of treating diseases deals principally with the root causes. The Yuan (source) point from the affected meridian is often combined with the Luo (Connecting) point of the internally-externally related meridians in use. Shu-Stream points are where the qi starts to pour down the meridian. They are known to alleviate heaviness and pain in the joints. On Yin Meridians, Shu-Stream points are identical to the actions of Yuan-Source points.

Needling: Perpendicular insertion .5 - .8 cun.



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