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Acupuncture Points - Ren 12

Chinese Name: Zhongwan (English translation: Middle Epigastrium)

Location:  On the anterior median line of the upper abdomen, 4.0 cun above the umbilicus.

Classification: Front-Mu point of the Stomach
Converging Point of the Fu-Organs
Crossing point of the Ren Vessel and Small Intestine, San Jiao and Stomach Meridians


  • Epigastric pain, vomiting, hiccup, acid regurgitation
  • Abdominal distention, diarrhea, dyspepsia
  • Cough, copious phlegm
  • Jaundice
  • Insomnia

Functions: Strengthens and harmonizes the Spleen and Stomach, resolves Dampness, relieves pain.

Notes: Front-Mu points can be used to treat diseases of the affected Zang-Fu organ, and those of Yang meridians and collaterals. They treat diseases of Six Fu-organs and diseases of yang meridians. An adverse reaction when a Front-Mu point is pressed can help make a diagnosis. For more complete information on Back-Shu and Front-Mu points, click here.

Needling: Perpendicular insertion 1.0 - 1.5 cun. 



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